Time-dependent temper embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steel: Correlation between microstructure evolution and mechanical properties during tempering at 650°C
作者:    发表时间: 2017-05-02   阅读次数: 733次

Time-dependent temper embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steel: Correlation between microstructure evolution and mechanical properties during tempering at 650°C

C.W. Li, L.Z. Han, X.M. Luo, Q.D. Liu, J.F. Gu

 

Keywords:Temper embrittlement; Tempering time; Microstructure; Mechanical properties; Reactor pressure vessel steel

Abstract: The microstructural evolution of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steel and its effect on the mechanical properties during tempering at 650℃ were studied to reveal the time-dependent toughness and temper embrittlement. The results show that the toughening of the material should be attributed to the decomposition of the martensite/austenite constituents and uniform distribution of carbides. When the tempering duration was 5h, the strength of the investigated steel decreased to strike a balance with the material impact toughness that reached a plateau. As the tempering duration was further increased, the material strength was slightly reduced but the material impact toughness deteriorated drastically. This time-dependent temper embrittlement is different from traditional temper embrittlement, and it can be partly attributed to the softening of the matrix and the broadening of the ferrite laths. Moreover, the dimensions and distribution of the grain carbides are the most important factors of the impact toughness.

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