Effect of Macrosegregation on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Pressure-Vessel Steel
作者:    发表时间: 2018-12-03   阅读次数: 482次

Effect of Macrosegregation on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Pressure-Vessel Steel 

Guanghua Yan, Lizhan Han, Chuanwei Li, Xiaomeng Luo, Jianfeng Gu

 

Keywords:Carbide; Austenite; Martensite; Bainite; Impact Toughness 

 

Abstract:Macrosegregation refers to the chemical segregation, which occurs quite commonly in the large forgings such as nuclear reactor pressure vessel. This work assesses the effect of macrosegregation and homogenization treatment on the mechanical properties of a pressure-vessel steel (SA508 Gr.3). It was found that the primary reason for the inhomogeneity of the microstructure was the segregation of Mn, Mo, and Ni. Martensite, and coarse upper bainite with M-A (martensite-austenite) islands have been obtained, respectively, in the positive and negative segregation zone during a simulated quenching process. During tempering, the carbon-rich M-A islands decomposed into a mixture of ferrite and numerous carbides which deteriorated the toughness of the material. The segregation has been substantially minimized by a homogenizing treatment. The results indicate that the material homogenized has a higher impact toughness than the material with segregation, due to the reduction in M-A island in the negative segregation zone. It can be concluded that the microstructure and mechanical properties have been improved remarkably by means of homogenization treatment.

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